Hur väljer jag flera alternativ i en kombinationsruta?

In ARIA, what is the difference in how JAWS treats role="applications" and role="document"?   10/5/2010

Vad gör jag om fokus till synes hoppar runt på Facebook webbsidor?

Hur kan jag ändra min standard Webbläsare från Microsoft Edge i Windows 10

Skifte av Smart navigering fungerar inte när du har en domän-specifik sida satt till bara Kontroller.


Vad gör jag om fokus till synes hoppar runt på Facebook webbsidor?   2012-11-29
Bulletin Typ: FAQ
Postad datum: 2012-11-29

Produktnamn: JAWS

Version: 14.0

Kategori: Tillgänglighet

Fråga:
Vad gör jag om fokus till synes hoppar runt på Facebook webbsidor?

Svar:
När du navigerar på Facebook.com med inställningen för siduppdatering satt till "Automatiskt", kommer det att se ut som om fokus hoppa runt på webbsidan. Detta orsakas av att webbsidan uppdateras medan JAWS försöker att navigera. Ändra denna inställning till något annat än "Automatiskt" och det kommer att förbättra navigeringen.

Öppna din webbläsare.

Tryck INSERT+V för att öppna Snabbinställningar.

Skriv "siduppdatering" utan citattecknen i sökfältet.

Tryck Pil Ner två gånger för att välja inställningen för Siduppdatering i gruppen anpassade webbinställningar.

Tryck MELLANSLAG för att ändra inställningen till "Varje 60 sekund" eller "Av."

Tryck TABB för att flytta till knappen OK och tryck MELLANSLAG för att spara förändringen och stänga Snabbinställningar.
 


Hur väljer jag flera alternativ i en kombinationsruta?
 

Fråga:
Hur väljer man flera alternativ i en kombinationsruta på en Webbsida?

Svar:
Aktivera först formulärläge, (Enter).
Tryck sedan Skift+F8.
Välj sedan med pil upp eller ner och markera sedan de objekt du vill med mellanslag.
Tryck sedan Shift+F8 igen när du är klar.


In ARIA, what is the difference in how JAWS treats role="applications" and role="document"?   10/5/2010

Bulletin Type: FAQ
Date Posted: 10/5/2010
Product Name: JAWS
Version: 11.0 plus

Category: HTML

Question:
In ARIA, what is the difference in how JAWS treats role="applications" and role="document"?

Answer:
We have carefully considered JAWS behavior when dealing with ARIA applications. Where we deviate from the ARIA specification, if at all, it is to provide the best experience for our users.
There are two situations: the first is when the role="application" attribute is placed on the body tag; and the second is when the role of application is placed on a tag within a Web page.

In HTML, when the Aria role attribute on the BODY tag is set to "application", JAWS will treat a Web page as though it were a traditional stand-alone application. This means that the virtual buffer JAWS typically uses to display Web pages will be turned off, and the user will navigate using TAB and other such keystrokes which are normally provided in stand-alone apps to facilitate keyboard access. The Web page will not appear to the user as a Web document - text interspersed with graphics, links, etc - but rather as an application consisting of form controls such as edit fields, buttons, lists, and so on.

Before describing how JAWS behaves when the ARIA role of "application" is set on an element within a Web page (i.e., as a descendent of the body tag), it is important to understand the JAWS virtual cursor, Forms Mode, and Auto Forms Mode.

Virtual cursor:

JAWS presents Web pages using the JAWS virtual cursor. This allows the user to read and navigate a Web page as though it were a text document. Users use the ARROW keys to read line by line, word by word, character by character, and so on. JAWS also provides quick navigation keys, which are alpha-numeric keys that move the virtual cursor to features of the page such as links, headings, and form controls. In addition, the user can use the tab key to move between focusable elements on the page.

Using the ARROW keys or quick nav keys to change the position of the virtual cursor does not change the actual focus point in the application. This means that even if JAWS reads the text of a given link on a Web page for example, that link doesn't necessarily have the keyboard focus.

Note: The keyboard focus is typically represented visually as a highlighted area surrounding a given control.
Conversely, using the TAB and SHIFT+TAB keys to navigate moves the focus point, and the virtual cursor follows the focus.

Forms Mode:
Because it uses the ARROW Keys and alpha-numeric keys for virtual cursor navigation, these keyboard commands are not passed through to interactive controls (form fields) on the page. This approach has the added benefit of protecting the user from inadvertently changing form field values or activating controls on the page when simply reviewing the content.

Forms Mode is when JAWS turns over processing of the above keys to form controls so that the user can interact with them. For example, when using the virtual cursor, pressing the letter F moves the virtual cursor to the next form field on the Web page, while in Forms Mode, pressing the letter F types the character "f".

Before JAWS 10, JAWS users had to enter and exit Forms Mode manually. The user navigated to a given control using the virtual cursor, and would then press the ENTER key to go into Forms Mode. The PC cursor key (NUMPAD PLUS) caused JAWS to exit Forms Mode.

When Forms Mode is manually activated on a given form control, focus is set to that control.

Auto Forms Mode:
Auto Forms Mode is a feature that tells JAWS to be smart about when to enter and exit Forms Mode. This is a setting which is on by default. This approach provides a more seamless experience for the JAWS user of both reading and interacting with a Web page.

The behavior of Auto Forms Mode depends on the type of form field in question and the keyboard command used to navigate to it. The following is a description of the keyboard commands and how they effect Web page form fields:

ARROW keys:

When the virtual cursor is active, JAWS enters Forms Mode upon encountering an edit field. Focus is moved to the edit control, and the user can begin typing.

In Forms Mode, the ARROW keys move the caret within the edit field.

In Forms Mode, if an ARROW key is pressed and the caret has already reached the boundary of the edit field, JAWS exits Forms Mode and resumes using the virtual cursor.

In Forms Mode, pressing ESC or NUMPAD PLUS will cause JAWS to exit Forms Mode.

Edit fields are the only controls for which JAWS enters or exits Forms Mode automatically based on the ARROW keys. For other controls, if JAWS is using the virtual cursor, it will continue to use the virtual cursor. This is so that the user doesn't accidentally change the value of a control while attempting simply to navigate past it. If JAWS is already in Forms Mode, ARROW keys will not cause JAWS to leave Forms Mode. This is so that the user won't unintentionally leave Forms Mode while interacting with a control. When ARROW keys are used to navigate to non-edit controls, the user must activate Forms Mode manually by pressing ENTER.

TAB keys:

Using the tab key always causes the focus point to move. When focus changes to a given form control, JAWS activates Forms Mode based on the type of the control in question.

For edit fields, combo boxes, spin controls, list controls, tab controls, menu bars, tree views, and grid cells, JAWS enters Forms Mode automatically.

For buttons, check boxes, and radio buttons, JAWS exits Forms Mode.

In Forms Mode, pressing ESC or NUMPAD PLUS will cause JAWS to exit Forms Mode.

Note: It is possible to move to a form field by using TAB and to move away from that form field using the ARROW keys, and vice versa.

Different control types:

In terms of Forms Mode, there are two groups of controls: those that require Forms Mode to interact with them, and those controls that never require Forms Mode to interact with them.

Forms Mode is required for edit fields, combo boxes, spin controls, list controls, tab controls, menu bars, tree views, and grid cells. For these controls, press ENTER or SPACEBAR to enter Forms Mode, and ESC or NUMPAD PLUS to exit Forms Mode.

For buttons, check boxes, and radio buttons, where Forms Mode is unnecessary, use the SPACEBAR or ENTER to activate the button at the virtual cursor. JAWS Auto Forms Mode causes JAWS to leave Forms Mode when it encounters these control types.

Note: for combo boxes only, ALT+DOWN ARROW causes JAWS to enter Forms Mode an drop down the list of combo box items. ALT+UP ARROW closes the list of combo box items and causes JAWS to exit Forms Mode.

Application role within a Web page:

When JAWS encounters an aria application embedded within a Web page (i.e., the role of "application" is set on a descendent of the body element), JAWS slightly changes the behavior of Auto Forms Mode. These changes only take effect for those form controls that are descendents of the container element with the role of "application".

Note: JAWS actually only changes the logic which would normally cause it to exit Forms Mode. The process of entering Forms Mode remains the same.

Once Forms Mode is on, JAWS will pass the ARROW keys through to the application, and will not leave Forms Mode automatically based on arrow movement. This means that navigation of the application area must be done using the TAB key, and ARROW keys always manipulate the focused control.

If Forms Mode is on, JAWS will pass the ESC key through to the application, and not exit Forms Mode.

JAWS will not exit Forms Mode for controls such as buttons, check boxes, and radio buttons where focus events on such controls would normally cause it to do so. In this case, pressing the ARROW keys while focused on a group of radio buttons will change the selected radio button.

ALT+UP ARROW will not cause JAWS to exit Forms Mode when positioned on a combo box.

Only pressing the PC cursor key (NUMPAD PLUS) will cause JAWS to exit Forms Mode.

The result of this specialized behavior for applications is that the page author now has more control of the navigation and interaction of specified areas of a Web page, and the user can still exit Forms Mode and take advantage of features offered by the virtual cursor.


Hur kan jag ändra min standard Webbläsare från Microsoft Edge i Windows 10

Fråga
Hur kan jag ändra min standard Webbläsare från Microsoft Edge i Windows 10

Svar

1. I sökfältet i startmenyn, skriv "Webbläsare" utan citattecknen.

2. Välj alternativet "Välj standardwebbläsare" och tryck ENTER.

3. Tryck ENTER på knappen Edge.

4. En lista med knappar visas för dem Webbläsare som är installerade på systemet. Som exempel, Internet Explorer, Firefox, Chrome, osv. Tryck ENTER på
den Webbläsare du vill välja som standard.

5. Tryck ALT+F4.


TSN: 86187
Postad datum: 2015-09-03
Gäller för: JAWS, OpenBook, MAGic och WYNN


Skifte av Smart navigering fungerar inte när du har en domän-specifik sida satt till bara Kontroller.

Kort beskrivning
Skifte av Smart navigering fungerar inte när du har en domän-specifik sida satt till bara Kontroller.

Problem
Du har satt Smart Navigering till Kontroller och Tabeller i Uppstartsguiden, utom för en särskild sida där du använder domän-specifika inställningar
satt till endast Kontroller. Om du trycker INSERT+X på din domän-specifika sida, för att skifta Smart Navigering, skiftas det mellan Av och Kontroller och Tabeller
och det skiftar inte mellan Av och Kontroller som förväntat. Detta påverkar JAWS 17.0.1010 och senare.

Lösning
Tryck ALT+TABB för att flytta bort och sedan tillbaka till sidan, eller tryck F5 för att uppdatera den. Detta gör att JAWS tolkar om din domän-specifika inställning och inte
den generella inställningen för andra sidor.
TSN: 87702
Postad datum: 2015-11-24
Gäller för: JAWS

 


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